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Running PHP applications in Tomcat 6

This guide shows how to install and run PHP applications like Moodle, mediaWiki, Joomla as Tomcat 6 web applications. And how to install PHP 5.x for all existing web applications.

Download and install Java, Tomcat and PHP

Install a PHP web application into Tomcat

  1. Copy the PHP web application JavaBridgeTemplate.war or the demo JavaBridge.war to the Tomcat webapps directory.
  2. Wait two seconds until Tomcat has loaded the web application.
  3. Browse to and to see the PHP info page.
  4. Rename the file file:webapps/JavaBridgeTemplate713 directory, for example to file:webapps/Moodle, and download and install your PHP application to this directory.
  5. Browse to the name of your web application, for example, to run it from your internet browser.

PHP support for all existing Tomcat web applications

If you want to enable PHP for all of your web applications, move the Java libraries from the local web application folder to the Tomcat library folder and edit the Tomcat web configuration as follows:

  1. Stop Tomcat.
  2. Move the libraries JavaBridge.jar, php-servlet.jar and php-script.jar from the webapps/JavaBridgeTemplate713/WEB-INF/lib directory over to the tomcat lib directory.
  3. Edit the Tomcat conf/web.xml. Add the following 9 lines marked with a +:

    <web-app xmlns=... >

    + <listener><listener-class>php.java.servlet.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class></listener>
    + <servlet><servlet-name>PhpJavaServlet</servlet-name><servlet-class>php.java.servlet.PhpJavaServlet</servlet-class>
    + </servlet>
    + <servlet><servlet-name>PhpCGIServlet</servlet-name><servlet-class>php.java.servlet.fastcgi.FastCGIServlet</servlet-class>
    + <init-param><param-name>prefer_system_php_exec</param-name><param-value>On</param-value></init-param>
    + <init-param><param-name>php_include_java</param-name><param-value>Off</param-value></init-param>
    + </servlet>
    + <servlet-mapping><servlet-name>PhpJavaServlet</servlet-name><url-pattern>*.phpjavabridge</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping>
    + <servlet-mapping><servlet-name>PhpCGIServlet</servlet-name><url-pattern>*.php</url-pattern></servlet-mapping>

  4. Start Tomcat again. Now you can add PHP scripts to tomcat.
  5. Add a PHP test file
    <?php require_once("java/Java.inc");
    echo java("java.lang.System")->getProperties(); ?>
    to some web context, for example "examples", and browse to http://yourHost.com:8080/examples/test.php.
  6. Check the process list using the Unix/Linux or Windows task manager. There should be 5 php-cgi FastCGI executables waiting for requests from Java.
  7. Please see our FAQ for more information how to set up a load balancer or how to create a distributable PHP/Java web application.